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Effects of amphibian phylogeny, climate and human impact on the occurrence of the amphibian-killing chytrid fungus [Global Change Biology]

Keywords : amphibian population declines, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, Chile, chytrid fungus, chytridiomycosis, emerging infectious diseases

par Frédéric Magné - publié le , mis à jour le

Chytridiomycosis, due to the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), has been associated with the alarming decline and extinction crisis of amphibians worldwide. Because conservation programs are implemented locally, it is essential to understand how the complex interactions among host species, climate and human activities contribute to Bd occurrence at regional scales. Using weighted phylogenetic regressions and model selection, we investigated geographic patterns of Bd occurrence along a latitudinal gradient of 1500 km within a biodiversity hot spot in Chile (1845 individuals sampled from 253 sites and representing 24 species), and its association with climatic, socio-demographic and economic variables.(...)

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