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Great moments in evolution : the conquest of land by plants [Current Opinion in Plant Biology]

par Frédéric Magné - publié le

500 Ma ago the terrestrial habitat was a barren, unwelcoming place for species other than, for example, bacteria or fungi. Most probably, filamentous freshwater algae adapted to aerial conditions and eventually conquered land. Adaptation to a severely different habitat apparently included sturdy cell walls enabling an erect body plan as well as protection against abiotic stresses such as ultraviolet radiation, drought and varying temperature. To thrive on land, plants probably required more elaborate signaling pathways to react to diverse environmental conditions, and phytohormones to control developmental programs. Many such plant-typical features have been studied in flowering plants, but their evolutionary origins were long clouded.(...)

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