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Subsistence strategies in traditional societies distinguish gut microbiomes [Nature Communications]

Keywords : Biological sciences, Ecology, Microbiology

par Frédéric Magné - publié le , mis à jour le

Recent studies suggest that gut microbiomes of urban-industrialized societies are different from those of traditional peoples. Here we examine the relationship between lifeways and gut microbiota through taxonomic and functional potential characterization of faecal samples from hunter-gatherer and traditional agriculturalist communities in Peru and an urban-industrialized community from the US. We find that in addition to taxonomic and metabolic differences between urban and traditional lifestyles, hunter-gatherers form a distinct sub-group among traditional peoples.(...)

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