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Widespread correlations between climatic niche evolution and species diversification in birds [Journal of Animal Ecology]

Keywords : climate, diversification, ecological traits, latitudinal gradient, niche evolution, niche conservatism

par Frédéric Magné - publié le

1.The adaptability of species’ climatic niches can influence the dynamics of colonisation and gene flow across climatic gradients, potentially increasing the likelihood of speciation, or reducing extinction in the face of environmental change. However, previous comparative studies have tested these ideas using geographically, taxonomically and ecologically restricted samples, yielding mixed results, and thus the processes linking climatic niche evolution with diversification remain poorly understood.
2.Focusing on birds, the largest and most widespread class of terrestrial vertebrates, we test whether variation in species diversification among clades is correlated with rates of climatic niche evolution, and the extent to which these patterns are modified by underlying gradients in biogeography and species’ ecology.(...)

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